Neuroimaging studies have shown in recent years that exposure to maternal depression can change the structure of the child’s brain, such changes which can continue until adulthood and can be related to cognitive development disorders.
It is less clear how exposure time can modify the effects of maternal depression on the developing brain.
Many, but not all, studies have shown that postpartum depression, as well as depression during pregnancy, may be related to structural changes in the child’s brain, such as cortical thinning.
In a recent study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry, Zoe and colleagues studied the effect of the interaction of maternal depression in various developmental stages on the development of the brain.
This study was part of a longitudinal generation study organized in Rotterdam, Netherlands, in which 3,369 couples mothers and children were adhered to. From fetus to teenagers.
The evaluation of psychiatric symptoms was done using a brief symptom brief (BSI), a self-verification questionnaire containing 53 items at several different time points: during pregnancy (on an average of 20.6 weeks of gestation after delivery). 2 months), early childhood (3 years old) and aging (10 years).
The use of antidepressant during pregnancy was assessed using self-determination and pharmacy records.
Neuroimaging was done with MRI in children 10 years of age. In addition, the emotional and behavioral problems of the child were evaluated during neuromimaging using BPM.
In this regard, researchers found that maternal depression at all four time points was associated with small size of brown in children.
However, when he adjusted the potentially confused variable, then only in the exposure to maternal depressive symptoms, it was associated with a small number of total gray matter at the age of 10.
In addition, small gray mater size children were associated with problems. At any given time no relation between the symptoms of depression and the size of wet grass, tonsill or hippocampus was found in mothers.
This study corresponds to previous literature on the effects of maternal depression and brain development.
Specifically, during postpartum period, there is a possibility of maternal depression affecting the growth of offspring, which indicates the sensitive period of sensitivity.
According to recent studies, parental involvement in childcare has doubled between 1965 and 2011.
Regardless of the increased involvement of parents in the lives of its children, the child’s tour continues to focus on the relationship between the mother and the child. Some early parental education programs focus on parents.
Parent’s involvement affects the neural development of the child positively, but it also reduces maternal stress and reduces the burden of the mother, which also contributes to nerve development of healthy infants and after delivery in mother Can reduce the risk of depression.
However, we should admit that parents may also suffer from postpartum depression and the depression of the father can have a negative effect on the child’s development and behavior.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updated their guidelines for pediatricians on the role of parents in the care and development of their children in 2016.
A recent article in the Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics (see below), parents contribute to the development and welfare of their children and determines how we can be. In this preparation parents are more comprehensive and helpful.
Previous studies have shown that women with impaired physical health are more likely to develop depression during menopause and menopause.
New York (Reuters Health) – In healthy women, there is a link between physical health and mental wellness, a new study shows.
This study focused on upper body and lower body strength in the group of healthy women between 45 and 69 years of age due to regular gynecological care.
1,159 women were evaluated (average age 56.3) 6.2, 181 (15.9%) were identified as symptoms of depression and / or anxiety, which led to Epidemiological Studies Center for the Depression Depression Scale (CES-D) and Disorder Scale Was measured using. General Concern (GAD-7)
While this search is interesting, there are alternative explanations.
For example, women who have more time to take care of themselves and therefore give priority to maintaining their fitness, they may experience less stress and therefore they are less likely to worry and be depressed is.
Women with depression and anxiety may also be less likely to exercise.
Future studies need to determine whether exercises that improve physical performance can be useful in preventing and reducing depression and anxiety among middle-aged women.