Newly created ministry Gail Shakti warned of a dangerous threat, “zero days” in some states, where ground water level is falling at alarming rates.
The literal meaning of “today zero” is such a situation where the government is forced to stop the ration tap and water strictly for normal and industrial use.
In the letter written on June 19, 2019, FirstPost said, “The water level is falling daily and in some parts of India, it has reached this critical level, some areas are soon over exploited.”
In the 17 states, 1033 subdivisions are scattered, where the supply of water will be easily overcome and if over-exploitation is not stopped at this point then more water will not be left.
Of the dry states, Tamil Nadu has maximum 358 blocks, followed by Rajasthan 164 districts and Uttar Pradesh 113 sub-divisions.
Other states where water supply is in serious danger include Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Telangana.
The message of the ministry came a week after Union Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat met with state Water Ministers in New Delhi, where the EU Minister reviewed the steps taken by the state governments to address water problems.
In a clear warning, the Ministry said that water is a limited resource and water resources will be reduced by global warming, over exploitation and human error.
The Ministry’s Memorandum of Future Challenges clearly states that lack of water will negatively affect food security, environment, social harmony, public health issues and sustainable industrial development.
2018 statistics analyzed by the Ministry, show a sharp decline in water level in 52 wells in drought states.
The worst decline in Maharashtra is in Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh. In Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, Kashmir, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand, the Health Ministry has mentioned the drain on a large scale on the water level.
In Punjab, 216 wells were analyzed to ensure less water level, and the results showed sharp declines in 181 wells or about 84% in the agriculture state.
Quality of drinking water is another issue which is a major challenge for the state governments.
There are at least 214 provinces in 19 states with high fluoride in the ground water, which is more than the limit.
It is worth noting that 85 percent of the rural population specifically use ground water for drinking and household purposes.
High concentrations of arsenic affect 86 counties in 10 states. Dual challenges of scattering and pollution have brought water into the center of political debate.
With the current rate of decline, demand of total water in 2050 will be more than its availability.
The ministry also cited the NITI Aayog report of June 2018, which clearly stated that due to the lack of safe drinking water, two dead people die every year and will be damaged in the coming years.
600 million Indians are facing very serious water stress, and insufficient access to safe water Due to this, almost two people die every year.
“By 2030, the demand for water in the United States is expected to double to the available supply, which means that the lack of serious water for millions of people ”
Given the increasing scarcity of rare areas in the country, the government is pressurizing for strong measures to stop the shortage of water resources very soon.
The Ministry said that Prime Minister Narendra Moody had written to all the Serbs in the country on June 6, 2019 to focus on water conservation and adopt all possible measures to make it a mass movement.
An Intergovernmental Committee was set up to educate people about the optimum use of monsoon rain and to pursue activities related to water conservation.
Since water is a matter of mandate, therefore the Center has distributed a bill to all the federal states and regions so that appropriate legislation can be made to regulate the use of ground water and to further enhance existing resources.
The provisions proposed in the draft law include provisions for rain water harvesting. To date, 15 states and federal territories have adopted and implemented the groundwater law.
GAIL Power Central Aquifer Council is constructing 1.11 crore rupees for the collection of rainwater and artificial feeding infrastructure across the country at an estimated cost of 79,178 crore to exploit the seasonal surplus of runoff to increase existing water resources. .
“Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs issued the Model Building Regulations of 2016, which recommended collection of rain water for all types of buildings.